A mode originating in England in the late eighteenth century, gothic literature became wildly popular in the nineteenth century. Its name comes from a setting common to the mode - that of the gothic castle, one of the medieval horror of hidden dungeons haunted by vampires, ghosts, and monsters.
Gothic literature is the product of the mingling of the modes of horror and romanticism. From romanticism gothic literature acquires its preoccupation with the inner workings of the mind and its stark revolt against the scientific rationalization of nature; from horror, its eerie fascination with the realm of the supernatural.
Notable gothic writers include:
Edgar Allan Poe